This article looks at the Covid-19 pandemic as a contingent factor in, and its revelatory effect on, various contemporary expressions of neoliberal ideology in Latin America. Based on philosophical and psychoanalytical concepts of a Lacanian nature fundamentally proposed by Slavoj Žižek, it examines the critical uses of the notion of ideology in its various manifestations: fear of the other, imposition of the logic of self-promotion, destruction of social ties, extractivism of nature, and fetishization of the discourses of unity in the face of the pandemic. The hypothesis is that the pandemic offers an opportunity to rethink contemporary subjectivity, through a confrontation with the Real that borders on symbolization and, ultimately, ideological capture, in order to question the assertion that there is no alternative.
- Latin America
- Slavoj Žižek