Excess mortality in Metropolitan Lima during the COVID-19 pandemic: A district level comparison

Título traducido de la contribución: Exceso de mortalidad en Lima Metropolitana durante la pandemia de COVID-19: comparación a nivel distrital

Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Jesús Eduardo Gamboa-Unsihuay, Rodrigo Vargas-Fernández, Diego Azañedo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective To compare excess mortality by district quintiles according to the Human Development Index (HDI) in Metropolitan Lima, the capital of Peru, and analyze the socioeconomic factors associated with excess mortality within the context of COVID-19. Methods Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the mortality records from non-vio-lent causes registered in the National Death Information System in the 50 districts of Metropolitan Lima of the first 24 weeks of the years 2019 and 2020. Descriptive analysis was performed using contingency tables and time series graphs by sex, age group, and quintile of the district of residence according to the HDI. Negative binomial regression model was performed to identify pos-sible explanatory factors for excess mortality. Results An excess of 20 093 non-violent deaths and 2,979 confirmed deaths from COVID-19 were registered in Metropolitan Lima during the study period. The increase was observed primarily in men and adults aged 60 and over. Residents in the districts belonging to the fifth quintile, according to HDI, presented, in most cases, the lowest rates. Multivariate analysis revealed that a higher HDI level (p = 0.009) and a higher proportion of inhabitants living in extreme poverty (p = 0.014) decreased the excess mortality. Conclusion Excess of non-violent deaths in Metropolitan Lima is higher in the quintiles with the lowest HDI, in men, and the age group from 60 to more years of age. The study of social and economic health determinants in Peru is crucial for the design of measures t o be taken by the government against the COVID-19 pandemic.

Título traducido de la contribuciónExceso de mortalidad en Lima Metropolitana durante la pandemia de COVID-19: comparación a nivel distrital
Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículoe8032
PublicaciónMedwave
Volumen20
N.º8
DOI
EstadoPublicada - set. 2020
Publicado de forma externa

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