Etiology of diarrhea in children less than five years of age in Ifakara, Tanzania

Martha Vargas, Joaquim Gascón, Climent Casals, David Schellenberg, Honorati Urassa, Eliseus Kahigwa, Joaquim Ruiz, Jordi Vila

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

93 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

A total of 451 stool specimens were collected from children less than five years of age with acute diarrhea from Ifakara, Tanzania and processed to detect bacterial enteropathogens, parasites, and rotaviruses. These specimens were divided into 348 from the dry season and 103 from the rainy season, Overall, diarrheogenic Escherichia coli (35,7%) were the predominant enteropathogens, with enterotoxigenic E. coli, enteroaggregative E. coli, and enteropathogenic E. coli being the most prevalent. Moreover, enteroaggregative E. coli (63% versus 35.5%; P < 0.05), Shigella spp. (24% versus 12%; P < 0.05), and rotavirus (23% versus 4%; P < 0.05) were more prevalent in the dry season than in the rainy season and enterotoxigenic E. coli (51.6% versus 20%; P < 0.05) and Giardia lamblia (14% versus 1%; P < 0.05) were more prevalent in the rainy season.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)536-539
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volumen70
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - may. 2004

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