Use of ivermectin and factors associated with the prevention and/or treatment of COVID-19: a cross-sectional online survey in the province of Chincha, Peru

Jose Salvador-Carrillo, Luz Campos-Loza, David Guillen-Carbajal, Jorge Osada, Alejandra Zevallos, J. Smith Torres-Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Peru has reported one of the highest mortality rates from COVID-19 worldwide. The Chincha province has been one of the most affected regions in Peru and the leading promoter of the use of ivermectin for the treatment of COVID-19. Therefore, our study aimed to evaluate the frequency of use and factors associated with the use of ivermectin for COVID-19 in Chincha. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the second wave of COVID-19 in Peru. For statistical analyses, frequencies and percentages were reported. Prevalence ratios (PR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI), and a p-value of 0.05 were used to determine statistical significance. SPSS version 22 (IBM Corp) program was used for the analyses. Results: A total of 432 participants were included in the study. A total of 67.6% (n = 292) of the participants used ivermectin during the COVID-19 pandemic. Of these, 20.20% (n=59) of the people used ivermectin for prophylactic purposes only, while 41.79% (n=122) used it as treatment for COVID-19 only, and 38.01% (n=111) used it for both reasons. The consumption of ivermectin was associated with being 50 years or older (PR:1.27, 95% CI:1.04–1.54), having a technical education level (PR:1.16, 95% CI:1.01–1.34), having had symptoms of COVID-19 with negative/no diagnosis (PR: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.07–1.53) or positive diagnosis (PR:1.38, 95% CI:1.18–1.61), or having had contact with infected people (PR:1.45, 95% CI:1.06–1.98). Conclusions: Most people in Chincha used ivermectin during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The main factors associated with the use of ivermectin for the prevention/treatment of COVID-19 were age ≥50 years, having a technical education level, having had symptoms with negative/no diagnosis or positive diagnosis, and contact with people infected with SARS-CoV-2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number149
JournalF1000Research
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Ivermectin
  • Peru
  • Treatment and Prevention

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