The benefits of propolis in periodontal therapy. A scoping review of preclinical and clinical studies

Angel Luque-Bracho, Yasmin Rosales, Andrea Vergara-Buenaventura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: The treatment of periodontal disease (PD) is aimed at adequate control of bacterial plaque. In many patients mechanical methods are unable to eliminate this plaque leading to the need for adjuvant chemical products. Propolis is a natural product that has demonstrated therapeutic properties and has shown to be effective as an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agent in dentistry. Aim of the study: Considering the beneficial effects of propolis on various oral conditions, this study aimed to review, update and summarize the available evidence on the benefits of propolis in in vitro studies, animal models, and human clinical trials on non-surgical periodontal therapy. Materials and methods: An electronic search in three databases was performed up to December 2021. The search strategy included the terms “propolis” and “periodontal disease” to identify relevant studies on the potential advantages of propolis in periodontal therapy in in vitro studies, animal models, and human clinical trials. Results: The search yielded 538 results, discarding 459 studies that did not clearly meet the inclusion criteria. A total of 42 studies were included: 18 in vitro, one animal, and 23 randomized clinical trials. In vitro studies have demonstrated that propolis has antimicrobial activity against periodontal pathogens and clinical studies have reported its use as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy. The clinical effects of propolis have been reported in conjunction with prophylaxis, polishing, and scaling and root planing (SRP). It has shown to have anti-plaque activity and improve gingival health. Propolis was found to be more effective in improving clinical parameters than conventional treatment (SRP alone) and demonstrated similar efficacy in treating chronic periodontitis compared to positive controls. Only one study reported an allergic reaction. Conclusion: The evidence available on the benefits of propolis in in vitro studies, animal models, and clinical trials suggests that propolis could be a promising adjunct to conventional therapy of gingivitis and periodontitis. However, further studies are needed to determine its superiority to other therapies in the treatment of PD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115926
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Volume303
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Apitherapy
  • Periodontal disease
  • Propolis

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The benefits of propolis in periodontal therapy. A scoping review of preclinical and clinical studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this