Susceptibility of the cultured Amazonian fish, Colossoma macropomum, to experimental infection with Aeromonas species from ornamental fish

Jefferson Yunis-Aguinaga, Giovanna Sotil, German Augusto Murrieta Morey, Carla Fernandez-Espinel, Violeta Flores-Dominick, Gino Rengifo-Marin, Gustavo da Silva Claudiano, Marco Medina-Morillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The global ornamental fish trade carries important risk factors for spreading pathogens between different countries and regions, not only for ornamental fish but also for cultured fish and even other animal species. In the current study, we reported the capacity of Aeromonas veronii and A. hydrophila isolated from ornamental fish to experimentally infect the reared Amazonian fish Colossoma macropomum. For this, those bacteria were identified, and a primary characterization was performed. Fish were inoculated with 0.1 mL of increasing concentrations of A. hydrophila or A. veronii (C1 = 1 × 102; C2 = 1.8 × 104; C3 = 2.1 × 106; C4 = 2.4 × 108 bacterial cells per mL) in the coelomic cavity. In the control group, fish received the same volume of sterile saline solution (0.9 %). Fish presented petechiae, skin suffusions, and mortality rates up to 100 % according to the inoculum concentration. Histopathologically, fish presented necrosis with karyolysis, loss of the cytoplasmic delimitation of cells of the renal tubules and hepatocytes, hemorrhage, cellular edema, and the presence of bacterial cells. The LD50–96h of A. veronii on C. macropomum was estimated at 2.4 × 106 CFU mL−1 and of A. hydrophila at 1.408 × 105 CFU mL−1. The results demonstrated that it is possible that Aeromonas species isolated from ornamental fish affect C. macropomum, causing similar clinical signs and lesions. This shows the importance of promoting risk control measures worldwide regarding the trade of ornamental fish.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106461
JournalMicrobial Pathogenesis
Volume186
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Astyanax sp
  • Bacterial challenge
  • Hemorrhagic septicemia
  • Trachelyopterus galeatus

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