Stroke-related length of hospitalization trends and in-hospital mortality in Peru

L. Max Labán-Seminario, Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Peru faces challenges to provide adequate care to stroke patients. Length of hospitalization and in-hospital mortality are two well-known indicators of stroke care. We aimed to describe the length of stay (LOS) of stroke in Peru, and to assess in-hospital mortality risk due to stroke, and subtypes. Methods: This retrospective cohort study used hospitalization registries coding with ICD-10 from 2002 to 2017 (N = 98,605) provided by the Ministry of Health; in-hospital mortality was available for 2016–2017 (N = 6,566). Stroke cases aged ≥35 years were divided into subarachnoid hemorrhage (I60), intracerebral hemorrhage (I61), cerebral infarction (I63), and stroke not specified as hemorrhage or infarction (I64). Data included stroke LOS and in-hospital mortality; socio-demographic and clinical variables. We fitted a region- and hospital level-stratified Weibull proportional hazard model to assess the in-hospital mortality. Results: The median LOS was 7 days (IQR: 4–13). Hemorrhagic strokes had median LOS longer than ischemic strokes and stroke not specified as hemorrhage or infarction (P = <0.001). The case fatality rate (CFR) of patients with stroke was 11.5% (95% CI [10–12%]). Subarachnoid hemorrhage (HR = 2.45; 95% CI [1.91–3.14]), intracerebral hemorrhage (HR = 1.95; 95% CI [1.55–2.46]), and stroke not specified as hemorrhage or infarction (HR = 1.45; 95% CI [1.16–1.81]) were associated with higher in-hospital mortality risk in comparison to ischemic strokes. Discussion: Between 2002 and 2017, LOS due to stroke has not changed in Peru in stroke patients discharged alive. Hemorrhagic cases had the longest LOS and highest in-hospital mortality risk during 2016 and 2017. The findings of our study seem to be consistent with a previous study carried out in Peru and similar to that of HIC and LMIC, also there is an increased median LOS in stroke cases managed in specialized centers. Likewise, LOS seems to depend on the type of stroke, where ischemic stroke cases have the lowest LOS. Peru needs to improve access to stroke care.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14467
JournalPeerJ
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • LATAM
  • LOS
  • Mortality
  • Peru
  • Stroke
  • Survival

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