Spanish Translation and Validation of the COVID Stress Scales in Peru

Martin Noe-Grijalva, Anali Polo-Ambrocio, Karla Gómez-Bedia, Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The objective of the study was to translate and validate the COVID Stress Scales (CSS-36) into Spanish in Peru. Around 1,424 people, selected through a non-probabilistic sampling, participated in the study. Factor analysis confirmed an initial six-dimensional factorial structure of the CSS-36. Reliability by internal consistency was good for the dimensions of fear of danger, socioeconomic consequences, xenophobia, fear of contamination, traumatic stress, and compulsive control. In addition, the factorial structure of scale has been shown be strictly invariant for both males and females. The Spanish version of the CSS-36 has evidence of validity, reliability, and invariance to measure COVID-19 stress in a Peruvian sample.

Original languageEnglish
Article number840302
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
StatePublished - 28 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • invariance
  • reliability
  • stress
  • validity


Dive into the research topics of 'Spanish Translation and Validation of the COVID Stress Scales in Peru'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this