Rendimiento físico y fuerza muscular en pacientes adultos mayores con diabetes y sin diabetes de un hospital público de Lima (Perú)

Translated title of the contribution: Physical performance and muscle strength in older patients with and without diabetes from a public hospital in Lima, Peru

Milenka Palacios-Chávez, Christine Dejo-Seminario, Percy Mayta-Tristán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess the relationship between physical performance (PP) and muscle strength (MS) in elderly subjects with and without diabetes in a public hospital of Lima, Peru. Subjects and method: A cross-sectional analysis of subjects aged 60 years or older with and without diabetes. MS was measured with a handheld dynamometer, and PP with the «timed get-up-and-go» test. Nutritional status was determined using body mass index, body fat percentage measured with a handheld fat loss monitor and protein intake based on the 24-hour recall. Age, sex, and history of hospitalization and supplementation were also recorded. The association was assessed using adjusted prevalence ratios. Results: Overall, 139 patients with diabetes (26.6% with low PP and 13.7% with decreased MS) and 382 subjects without diabetes (36.6% with low PP and 23.0% with decreased MS) were evaluated. No association was found between T2DM and MS (aPR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.67-1.57) or PP (aPR: 1.13; 95% CI: 0.84-1.52). Protein and supplement consumption was also unrelated (P>.05); however, history of hospitalization, age, sex, nutritional status, and body fat percentage were related (P>.05). Conclusions: No association was found between T2DM, MS, and PP. However, low PP was associated to female sex and overweight/obesity, and decreased MS was associated to high body fat percentage and underweight. Moreover, MS and PP were related to older age and history of hospitalization.

Translated title of the contributionPhysical performance and muscle strength in older patients with and without diabetes from a public hospital in Lima, Peru
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)220-229
Number of pages10
JournalEndocrinologia y Nutricion
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016

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