Psychological Factors Related to Fear of COVID-19 in the General Salvadoran Population

Marlon Elías Lobos-Rivera, Edgardo René Chacón-Andrade, Mauricio Cervigni, Miguel Gallegos, Pablo Martino, Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez, Ignacio Barés, Manuel Calandra, Angélica Nohemy Flores-Monterrosa, Víctor Manuel Ventura-Hernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: The objective of this article is to determine the psychological factors which are associated with the fear toward COVID-19 as experienced by the Salvadoran population in general. Method: This study is exploratory, with a cross-sectional design. For data collection a digital survey in Google Forms was used. There was a non-probabilistic sample of 328 Salvadorans. The mean age in general was 27.90 years-old, with a standard deviation (SD) of 9.10; the mean age for men was 29.05 years-old (SD = 9.94), and the mean age for woman was 27.42 years-old (SD = 8.70). Results: The results reveal the existence of small and medium correlations between anxiety, depression, instrumental support and positive social interaction with the variables of fear to COVID-19; the regression model predicted that the fear to COVID-19 depends on anxiety and affective support, predicting a 23% of fear to COVID-19, with medium effect. Conclusion: This research suggests anxiety and affective support are explanation of the 23% of fear towards COVID-19 in Salvadoran population in general, findings provide useful information for future researches which perform a follow up or intervention in Salvadoran population in general.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberem351
JournalElectronic Journal of General Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • COVID-19
  • Depression
  • El Salvador
  • Fear
  • Social support


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