Prevalence of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and related factors in male university students

Translated title of the contribution: Prevalence of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and related factors in male university students

Ana Elena Sanchez-Castro, Lorella Cook-Del Águila, Giuliana Angélica Yacila Huaman, Romina Arely Tejada Caminiti, Mario Alexander Reyes Bossio, Percy Mayta-Tristán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Muscle dysmorphia is an obsessive-compulsive disorder subcategorized as a body dysmorphic disorder. Studies in Latin America have assessed the prevalence of muscle dysmorphia in bodybuilders and gym users. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology (MDS) and associated factors in university male students in Lima, Peru. The participants (N = 618) had an average age of 21.0 years (DS = 2.3). We assessed MDS through the Muscular Appearance Satisfaction Scale (MASS) and obsessive-compulsive disorders through the Yale-Brown Scale Modified for Body Dysmorphic Disorders (BDD-YBOCS). We also tested participants on their food consumption and physical activity (PA) frequency. The prevalence of MDS was 1.3% (IC 95% = 0.4-2.2%) . associated with factors such as intense PA defined as more than five hours per week (PRa = 9.5; 95% CI = 1.1-84.4) and a hyperproteic diet (PRa = 1.3; 95% CI = 1.1-1.6). Thirty-two percent of participants consumed protein supplements. Muscle dysmorphia is a disorder present in the general population. However, more research must be done to understand how this is an emerging problem in Latin America. Therefore, to influence its prevention and early identification among the university population, it is necessary to deepen the understanding.

Translated title of the contributionPrevalence of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and related factors in male university students
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-195
Number of pages11
JournalRevista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Body image
  • Exercise
  • Intake of foods
  • Muscle dysmorphia
  • Risk factors

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