Prevalencia de compra sin receta y recomendación de antibióticos para niños menores de 5 años en farmacias privadas de zonas Periurbanas en Lima, Perú

Translated title of the contribution: Prevalence of purchase of antibiotics without prescription and antibiotic recommendation practices for children under five years of age in private pharmacies in Peri-urban areas of Lima, Peru

Lucie Ecker, Joaquín Ruiz, Martha Vargas, Luis J. Del Valle, Theresa J. Ochoa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To determine the prevalence of purchase of antibiotics without prescription and antibiotic recommendation for its use in children <5 years of age in private pharmacies in peri-urban areas of Lima. Materials and methods. An anonymous population survey was conducted among adults who bought an antibiotic for a child <5 years of age from a private pharmacy. Fictitious cases were applied in a subgroup of pharmacies to evaluate antibiotic recommendation practices. Results. The prevalence of purchase of antibiotics without a prescription was 13%, including 1.7% that were chosen by consumers and 11.3% that were recommended by pharmacists. A total of 66.7% of the medications purchased to treat colds were antibiotics, 56.9% of which were prescribed. 64.4% of medications purchased to treat bronchospasm, 96.4% of the medications to treat watery diarrhea and 90.9% of the medications to treat pharyngitis were antibiotics. Amoxicillin (51.5%) and trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole (20.6%) were the most commonly purchased antibiotics. A pharmacist suggested an antibiotic in 60% of the fictitious common cold cases, 76% of the bronchospasm cases, 44% of the watery diarrhea cases, and 76% of the dysentery cases. Conclusions. The purchase of antibiotics for children <5 years of age in private pharmacies primarily occurs with a medical prescription. The pharmacist commonly recommended an antibiotic in cases lacking a prescription. Measures are needed to reduce the inappropriate use of antibiotics at medical facilities and in pharmacies.

Translated title of the contributionPrevalence of purchase of antibiotics without prescription and antibiotic recommendation practices for children under five years of age in private pharmacies in Peri-urban areas of Lima, Peru
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016

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