Preferencias de uso de antibióticos en niños menores de cinco años por médicos de centros de salud de primer nivel en zonas periurbanas de lima, Peru

Translated title of the contribution: Preferences of antibiotic use in children less than five in physicians working health centers of primary level in peri-urban areas of Lima, Peru

Lucie Ecker, Theresa J. Ochoa, Martha Vargas, Luis J. Del Valle, Joaquim Ruiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To describe physicians' preferences of antibiotic use in children less than 5 years in health centers of primary level in three periurban districts in Lima, Perú. Material and methods. A structured survey was applied to 218 general practitioners from three health networks of Lima. The survey included six typical clinical cases in children under 5 years with questions about antibiotic use: the cases were common cold, pharyngitis, pneumonia, bronchial obstructive syndrome, watery diarrhea and dysentery. Results. 81.6% of the physicians responded that more than a quarter of the patients they attended were children under five years. 15.6% of the general physicians would use an antibiotic for common cold treatment. For dysentery treatment 90.4% would use antibiotics, the frequently used were Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) and Furazolidone. 86.2% of physicians would recommend an antibiotic for pharyngitis. In a watery diarrhea case 32.7% of the doctors would use. In the case of bronchospasm, 73% of the doctors would recommend an antibiotic. 96.3% would recommend antibiotics for pneumonia. The perception of the degree of mother's satisfaction increased the risk of inappropriate prescription of antibiotics OR: 1.6, p=0.031, 95% CI: 1.1-2.6). Conclusions. There is tendency to overuse antibiotics for diagnoses such as pharyngitis and bronchospasm, as well as in cases of watery diarrhea and common cold, the reason could be that a large number of children under five years are treated by general practitioners without training in pediatric care.

Translated title of the contributionPreferences of antibiotic use in children less than five in physicians working health centers of primary level in peri-urban areas of Lima, Peru
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)181-189
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume30
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013

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