Preclinical Evidence for the Use of Oral Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in Bone Regenerative Therapy: A Systematic Review

Allinson Olaechea, Karim Benabdellah, Andrea Vergara-Buenaventura, Sara Gómez-Melero, Emilio A. Cafferata, Jonathan Meza-Mauricio, Miguel Padial-Molina, Pablo Galindo-Moreno

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of extracellular vesicles (EVs) therapies has revolutionized personalized medicine, opening up new possibilities for treatment. EVs have emerged as a promising therapeutic tool within this field due to their crucial role in intercellular communication across various cell types and organisms. This systematic review aims to evaluate the therapeutic potential of oral mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived EVs for bone regeneration, specifically focusing on findings from preclinical models. Sixteen articles meeting the inclusion criteria were selected following document analysis. The biological effects of oral MSC-derived EVs predominantly involve the upregulation of proteins associated with angiogenesis, and inflammation resolution, alongside the downregulation of proinflammatory cytokines. Moreover, these therapeutic agents have been found to contain a significant quantity of different molecules (proteins, lipids, DNA, microRNAs, etc) further contributing to their modulatory potential. The findings from this systematic review underscore that oral MSC-derived EVs, irrespective of their specific population, have the ability to enhance the osteogenic repair response in maxillary bone or periodontal defects. In summary, this systematic review highlights the promising potential of oral MSC-derived EVs for bone regeneration based on evidence from preclinical models. The comprehensive assessment of their biological effects and the presence of microRNAs underscores their therapeutic significance. These findings support the utilization of oral MSC-derived EVs in enhancing the osteogenic repair response in various maxillary bone or periodontal defects, providing insights into the mechanisms involved and potential therapeutic applications in the field of personalized medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-800
Number of pages10
JournalStem cells translational medicine
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • angiogenesis
  • bone regeneration
  • cellular therapy
  • extracellular vesicles
  • oral mesenchymal stem cells
  • osteogenesis
  • preclinical models
  • proinflammatory cytokines

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