Post‐COVID-19 syndrome: assessment of short- and long-term post-recovery symptoms in recovered cases in Saudi Arabia

Mohammed A. Garout, Saleh A.K. Saleh, Heba M. Adly, Altaf A. Abdulkhaliq, Abdullah A. Khafagy, Magda R. Abdeltawab, Ali A. Rabaan, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Maher N. Alandiyjany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Introduction: Recent studies investigated the endurance of symptoms and occurrence of complications three months after SARS-CoV-2 infection. This study aims to examine the prevalence, variation, and severity of continual symptoms in the post‐COVID-19 using a single-center questionnaire. Methods: The questionnaire was distributed among population in Saudi Arabia who recovered from COVID‐19 between April 1, 2020 and December 31, 2021. Results: A total of 744 participants completed the questionnaire, 318 (42.8%) recovered less than 3 months, 75 (10.1%) recovered 3–6 months, while 351 (47.2%) recovered more than 6 months. About half of the participants 353 (47.5%) had incessant symptoms and of those patients, more than half had two or more symptoms. Common symptoms included fatigue 189 (25.4%), headache 118 (15.9%), and myalgia 63 (8.5%). Of the participants, 189 (21.4%) experienced continual symptoms including anxiety in 98 (13.2%) and depression in 70 (9.5%). Conclusion: The current study showed a high proportion of individuals with long-COVID-19 symptoms. Thus, proper assessment of the individuals in the post-recovery period can guide the patients to the relevant clinics for rehabilitation. Moreover, there is a great importance to decrease COVID-19 infection, populations should be targeted to boost vaccine efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1431-1439
Number of pages9
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • Infection
  • Pandemic
  • Post recovery
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Symptoms


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