Outcomes measured in studies assessing health systems interventions for type 1 diabetes management: A scoping review

Jessica Hanae Zafra-Tanaka, Adela del Valle, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, J. Jaime Miranda, David Beran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: Describe the outcomes reported in research on health systems interventions for type 1 diabetes management in comparison to the outcomes proposed by a core outcome set (COS) for this condition, an essential list of outcomes that studies should measure. Methods: Systematic search of studies published between 2010 and 2021 reporting health systems interventions directed to improve the management of type 1 diabetes using PubMed, EMBASE and CENTRAL. Information on the outcomes was extracted and classified according to a COS: self-management, level of clinical engagement, perceived control over diabetes, diabetes-related quality of life, diabetes burden, diabetes ketoacidosis, severe hypoglycemia, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C). Results: 187 studies were included. Most of the studies included either children (n = 82/187) or adults (n = 82/187) living with type 1 diabetes. The most common outcome measured was HbA1C (n = 149/187), followed by self-management (n = 105/187). While the least measured ones were diabetes ketoacidosis (n = 15/187), and clinical engagement (n = 0/187). None of the studies measured all the outcomes recommended in the COS. Additionally, different tools were found to be used in measuring the same outcome. Conclusions: This study provides a description of what researchers are measuring when assessing health systems interventions to improve type 1 diabetes management. In contrast to a COS, it was found that there is a predominance of clinical-based outcomes over patient-reported outcome measures.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15223
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • core outcome set
  • health systems
  • outcomes
  • type 1 diabetes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes measured in studies assessing health systems interventions for type 1 diabetes management: A scoping review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this