Multitemporal Scenic Evaluation of Urban Coastal Sites: A Peruvian Case Study

Mary Lizarbe-Palacios, Héctor Aponte, Camilo M. Botero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Along the coast of Peru, intensive urbanization and tourism development were related to coastal scenery deterioration. This investigation carried out a scenery evaluation of 20 urban beaches from the “Circuito de Playas de la Costa Verde” (CPCV), a key beach corridor in Lima (Peru). For this purpose, the Coastal Scenic Evaluation System (CSES) was applied in three different seasons, using fuzzy logic to reduce observer subjectivity and estimate the Evaluation index (D). A total of 26 parameters were evaluated to estimate the D value during summer 2020, winter 2020, and summer 2021, to determine the temporal variability of the landscape of an urban coastal sector, such as the CPCV. The results show that all evaluated beaches are classified as very unattractive sites (Class V). Additionally, no significant differences were found between seasons but between beaches. Litter and disturbance factors (noise) were the main human parameters that had low and variable scores during assessments and influenced the D index value estimate. This scenery assessment proposes further implementations of new beach management strategies and actions focusing on landscaping and conserving coastal ecosystems. Strengthening monitoring to reduce noise and litter disturbance and promoting environmentally friendly coastal usage are vital aspects that must be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2336
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • CSES
  • Costa Verde
  • beach evaluation
  • beach management
  • coastal scenery


Dive into the research topics of 'Multitemporal Scenic Evaluation of Urban Coastal Sites: A Peruvian Case Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this