Let’s Talk About Sex: The Impact of Partnership Contexts on Communication About HIV Serostatus and Condom Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender Women (TW) in Lima, Peru

Amrita Ayer, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Eddy R. Segura, Susan Chavez-Gomez, Rosario Fernandez, Cecilia Arroyo, Alex Barrantes, Jordan E. Lake, Robinson Cabello, Jesse L. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sexual communication with partners informs risk assessment and sexual practices. We evaluated participant, partner, and network factors associated with communication about condom use and HIV serostatus and explored their relationships with condomless anal intercourse (CAI) among 446 men who have sex with men (MSM) and 122 transgender women (TW) in Lima, Peru. Generalized estimating equations assessed contextual influences on communication and practices with recent sexual partners. More frequent HIV communication was reported by MSM who: identified as heterosexual, compared to bisexual or gay; characterized partnerships as stable, compared to casual, anonymous, or commercial; or discussed HIV/STIs with close social contacts (p < 0.05). TW in concurrent partnerships discussed condom use more frequently than those in monogamous relationships (p < 0.05). Condom use discussions and alcohol use among MSM were associated with CAI (p < 0.05). Findings highlight complexity in sexual decision-making and call for further study of conversation content and practices to inform HIV prevention messaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2139-2153
Number of pages15
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Condom negotiation
  • HIV serostatus communication
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Peru
  • Transgender women

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