Induced Sputum MMP-1, -3 & -8 Concentrations during Treatment of Tuberculosis

Cesar A. Ugarte-Gil, Paul Elkington, Robert H. Gilman, Jorge Coronel, Liku B. Tezera, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Jon S. Friedland, David A.J. Moore

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67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction:Tuberculosis (TB) destroys lung tissues and this immunopathology is mediated in part by Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs). There are no data on the relationship between local tissue MMPs concentrations, anti-tuberculosis therapy and sputum conversion.Materials and Methods:Induced sputum was collected from 68 TB patients and 69 controls in a cross-sectional study. MMPs concentrations were measured by Luminex array, TIMP concentrations by ELISA and were correlated with a disease severity score (TBscore). 46 TB patients were then studied longitudinally at the 2nd, 8th week and end of treatment.Results:Sputum MMP-1,-2,-3,-8,-9 and TIMP-1 and -2 concentrations are increased in TB. Elevated MMP-1 and -3 concentrations are independently associated with higher TB severity scores (p<0.05). MMP-1, -3 and -8 concentrations decreased rapidly during treatment (p<0.05) whilst there was a transient increase in TIMP-1/2 concentrations at week 2. MMP-2, -8 and -9 and TIMP-2 concentrations were higher at TB diagnosis in patients who remain sputum culture positive at 2 weeks and MMP-3, -8 and TIMP-1 concentrations were higher in these patients at 2nd week of TB treatment.Conclusions:MMPs are elevated in TB patients and associate with disease severity. This matrix-degrading phenotype resolves rapidly with treatment. The MMP profile at presentation correlates with a delayed treatment response.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere61333
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

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