Impact of food assistance programs on obesity in mothers and children: A prospective cohort study in Peru

Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco, J. Jaime Miranda, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To assess obesity risk among mothers participating in Community Kitchens and children participating in Glass of Milk (Peru food assistance programs). Methods. We analyzed prospective data from the Young Lives study. The exposure consisted in varying degrees of benefit from any of the programs (no participation in any of the programs, program participation forsome months, or program participation nearly every month) at baseline (2006-2007). The outcome was overweight and obesity in mothers and children at follow-up (2009-2010). Results. Prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity was 15.5% and 5.1%, respectively; the corresponding figures for mothers were 40.5% and 14.6%. Children exposed nearly every month to the Glass of Milk program had a 65% lower risk of becoming obese compared with children not participating in the program (relative risk [RR] = 0.35; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.18, 0.66). Mothers participating frequently in the Community Kitchens program had almost twice the risk of becoming obese compared with those who did not participate (RR = 1.93; 95% CI = 1.18, 3.15). Conclusions. Participating in food assistance programs in Peru was associated with a lower risk of obesity in children and greater risk of obesity inmothers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1307
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume106
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

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