Illuminating gillnets to save seabirds and the potential for multi-taxa bycatch mitigation

Jeffrey C. Mangel, John Wang, Joanna Alfaro-Shigueto, Sergio Pingo, Astrid Jimenez, Felipe Carvalho, Yonat Swimmer, Brendan J. Godley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Bycatch in net fisheries is recognized as a major source of mortality for many marine species, including seabirds. Few mitigation solutions, however, have been identified. We assessed the effectiveness of illuminating fishing nets with green light emitting diodes (LEDs) to reduce the incidental capture of seabirds. Experiments were conducted in the demersal, set gillnet fishery of Constante, Peru and compared 114 pairs of control and illuminated nets. We observed captures of a total of 45 guanay cormorants (Phalacrocorax bougainvillii), with 39 caught in control nets and six caught in illuminated nets. Seabird bycatch in terms of catch-per-unit-effort was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in control nets than in illuminated nets, representing an 85.1% decline in the cormorant bycatch rate. This study, showing that net illumination reduces seabird bycatch and previous studies showing reductions in sea turtle bycatch without reducing target catch, indicates that net illumination can be an effective multi-taxa bycatch mitigation technique. This finding has broad implications for bycatch mitigation in net fisheries given LED technology’s relatively low cost, the global ubiquity of net fisheries and the current paucity of bycatch mitigation solutions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number7
StatePublished - 11 Jul 2018


  • Bycatch
  • Gillnets
  • Seabirds
  • Small-scale fisheries
  • Vision


Dive into the research topics of 'Illuminating gillnets to save seabirds and the potential for multi-taxa bycatch mitigation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this