Global, regional, and national burden of aortic aneurysm, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Stefanos Tyrovolas, Dimitra Tyrovola, Iago Giné-Vázquez, Ai Koyanagi, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Fernando Rodriguez-Artalejo, Josep Maria Haro, William K. Pan, J. Jaime Miranda, Demosthenes Panagiotakos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims This study aimed at evaluating the age, sex, and country-income patterns in aortic aneurysm disease burden, analysing trends in mortality and years of life lost (YLLs), as well as their causal drivers and risk factors, using the 2017 Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD 2017). Methods We described the temporal, global, and regional (195 countries) patterns of aortic aneurysm (thoracic and and results abdominal) mortality, YLLs, their drivers [sociodemographic index (SDI), healthcare access and quality index (HAQ index)] and risk factors using the GBD 1990–2017. Correlation and mixed multilevel modelling between aortic aneurysm mortality, YLLs, HAQ index and other variables were applied. From 1990 to 2017, a global declining trend in age-standardized aortic aneurysm mortality was found [2.88 deaths/100 000 (95% uncertainty intervals, UI 2.79 to 3.03) in 1990 and 2.19 deaths/100 000 (95% UI 2.09 to 2.28) in 2017]. Among high-income countries (HICs) a consistent declining Spearman’s correlation between age-standardised aortic aneurysm mortality, SDI (HICs; 1990 rho: 0.57, P <_ 0.001; 2017 rho: 0.41, P = 0.001) and HAQ index was observed (HICs; 1990 rho: 0.50, P <0.001; 2016 rho: 0.35, P = 0.006); in comparison with low- and middle-income countries where correlation trends were weak and mixed. At a global level, higher HAQ index was related with lower aortic aneurysm mortality and YLLs [mortality, coef: -0.05, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.06, -0.04; YLLs, coef: -0.94, 95% CI: -1.17, -0.71]. Conclusions Age-standardized aortic aneurysm mortality declined globally between 1990 and 2017. Globally, age-standardized aortic aneurysm mortality and YLLs were related to changes in SDI and HAQ index levels, while country-level income-related variations were also observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1220-1232
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Low- and middle-income countries
  • Mortality
  • Years of life lost

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