Fortificación del arroz para corregir la deficiencia de micronutrientes en niños de 6 a 59 meses de edad

Translated title of the contribution: Rice fortification to correct micronutrient deficiency in children 6-59 months old

Gisely Hijar, Adolfo Aramburu, Yamilee Hurtado, Víctor Suárez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective. To carry out a systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of fortified rice consumption in terms of increasing levels of iron and other micronutrients in children aged 6-59 months, with a view to evaluating its usefulness as a public health intervention. Methods. A search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and LILACS databases. The review included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that assessed the consumption of fortified rice, compared with a placebo or other forms of intervention, in terms of enhanced levels of iron and other micronutrients. The CONSORT® checklist was used to assess methodological quality. The risk of bias in the studies was assessed using the Cochrane® Collaboration methodology. Results. Seven RCTs were included in the review. All the studies showed significant improvements in indicators of nutritional iron status in the intervention groups, without reporting adverse effects. There was no evidence of improvement in vitamin A levels or in anthropometric indicators of weight and height as a secondary result of the intervention. The included studies showed moderate methodological quality. Conclusions. Rice fortification was an effective intervention strategy to correct iron deficiency in children under age 5. For implementation as a public health measure, local studies are needed to assess its effectiveness in long-term and large-scale interventions.

Translated title of the contributionRice fortification to correct micronutrient deficiency in children 6-59 months old
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)52-58
Number of pages7
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015


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