Effect of posterior space discrepancy and third molar angulation on anterior overbite

Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Guilherme Janson, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Vinicius Laranjeira, Daniela Garib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of maxillary and mandibular posterior space discrepancies and third molar angulations on the overbite. Methods: Pretreatment lateral cephalograms of 131 subjects were analyzed. The sample included 83 open-bite and 48 deepbite subjects. A multiple regression analysis was used to evaluate the influence of maxillary and mandibular posterior space discrepancies and third molar angulations (predictor variables) on overbite. Correlations between posterior space discrepancy and third molar angulation, and correlations between predictor variables and dental angulation and height of posterior teeth and incisors were evaluated with the Pearson correlation coefficient. Subgroups with accentuated negative overbite and deepbite (27 open-bite, 37 deepbite) were compared with t tests. Results: The multiple linear regression analysis showed a positive association of the mesial angulation of the mandibular third molar with overbite. Posterior space discrepancy was negatively associated with posterior teeth mesial angulation and dentoalveolar height. However, these associations were weak, with no clinically significant implications. The deepbite subgroup showed significantly greater mesial angulation of the mandibular third molars than did the open-bite subgroup. Conclusions: There was no clinically significant effect of posterior space discrepancies and third molar angulations on overbite and dental angulation and height of posterior teeth and incisors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-486
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume154
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018

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