Effect of metal primers on bond strength of a composite resin to nickel -chrome metal alloy

Gabriel Nima, Paulo Vitor Campos Ferreira, Andreia Bolzan de Paula, Simonides Consani, Marcelo Giannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of three metal primers and one multi-mode adhesive system on the shear bond strength (SBS) of a flowable composite resin to nickel-chrome metal alloy (Ni-Cr). Ninety plates were cast from Ni-Cr and divided in nine groups (n=10). The surfaces were sandblasted with Al2O3 and primed with three adhesive primers: Alloy Primer (AP), Universal Primer (TP) and RelyX Ceramic Primer (CP), and a multi-mode adhesive (Scotchbond Universal, SU). The Adper Single Bond Plus (SB) and SU adhesives were also combined with adhesive primers. Control group did not have any surface treatment. The groups were: AP, AP+SB, AP+SU, TP+SB, TP+SU, CP+SB, CP+SU and SU. Composite cylinders were built on alloy surface. After 24 h, half the specimens were subjected to SBS and the other half to thermal cycling before testing. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (a=0.05). Failure modes were assessed by SEM observation. Higher SBS were obtained with AP and TP combined with adhesives at 24 h and the lowest one for control group. Thermocycling reduced SBS for AP, CP+SU and SU. Combination between TP and SU resulted in the highest SBS after the thermocycling. TP groups showed all types of failures and high incidence of mixed failures. The use of AP and UP metal primers before application of SU and SB adhesive systems increased the SBS of composite to Ni-Cr. These combinations between metal primers and adhesives had the highest SBS after thermocycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-215
Number of pages6
JournalBrazilian Dental Journal
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Dental prosthesis repair
  • Metal alloy
  • Primer
  • Resin composite
  • Shear bond strength

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