Introduction: the bioassay with the bioindicator species Daphnia magna Strauss, 1820 makes it possible to obtain the individual acute ecotoxicological effect and in a mixture of various chemical toxics by means of the mean lethal concentration (LC50). Objective: to determine the ecotoxicological effect of the mixture of aroclor 1254 and lead (Pb2+) on D. magna. Materials and Methods: LC50 was measured with arochlor 1254> Pb2+, and subsequently the concentration without ecological effect (PNEC) for the individual effect and as a mixture. PNEC values were contrasted with category 4–E1 (lagoons and lakes) and E2 (rivers) of the Peruvian Environmental Quality Standard (Supreme Decree No. 004 2017-MINAM-Peru). Results: LC50 values gradually decreased after 48 h of exposure for both compounds individually and as a mixture. The proportion–synergy (PS) was calculated in ratios of 1:1, 3:2 and 4:1 (arochlor 1254: Pb2+), obtaining higher PS values in 3:2 and 4:1 in contrast to 1:1. Conclusions: the PNEC estimated arochlor 1254 concentration is similar to the conservation value of the aquatic environment category 4–E1 and E2, and the maximum concentration for Pb2+ is not adequate and should be reduced to strengthen the conservation of aquatic biota. Finally, the bioindicator D.
|Translated title of the contribution||Ecotoxicological effect of the mixture of Aroclor 1254 and lead in the bioindicator Daphnia magna|
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Revista Lasallista de Investigacion|
|State||Published - 10 Dec 2021|