Diferencias según sexo en los factores asociados a hipertensión arterial en el Perú: Análisis de la Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2017

Translated title of the contribution: Gender differences in factors associated with hypertension in Peru: Analysis of the national demographic and health survey 2017

Milagros Romero Giraldo, Jane Avendaño-Olivares, Rodrigo Vargas-Fernández, Fernando M. Runzer-Colmenares

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: High blood pressure (HBP) is a leading cause of death worldwide, where the male sex is the most affected group. Objetives. Determine the gender differences of the factors associated with HBP in the Peruvian population over 18 years of age. Methods. A secondary analysis of the 2017 National Demographic and Health Survey was performed. Crude (RP) and adjusted (RPa) prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using generalized linear models of the Poisson family between the dependent variable (HBP) and independent. Results. The prevalence of HBP was found to be 17,8% in men and 11,4% in women. Age, being overweight and obese increased the likelihood of HBP. While being from the rest of coast, mountain range and jungle decreased the likelihood of HBP in both sexes. Conclusions. There is a higher prevalence of HBP in the male sex and factors such as age, overweight and obesity increased the likelihood of HBP.

Translated title of the contributionGender differences in factors associated with hypertension in Peru: Analysis of the national demographic and health survey 2017
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalAnales de la Facultad de Medicina
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Mar 2020

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