Development of a framework for the implementation of electronic interventions in mental health: a protocol for a meta-synthesis of systematic reviews

David Villarreal-Zegarra, Christoper A. Alarcon-Ruiz, G. J. Melendez-Torres, Roberto Torres-Puente, Juan Ambrosio-Melgarejo, Alejandra B. Romero-Cabrera, Ana Lindo-Cavero, Jeff Huarcaya-Victoria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, it has been necessary to incorporate technologies in the care of mental health problems. But there have been difficulties in the application of technology-based interventions in mental health. Some quantitative systematic reviews don't allow us to fully identify and properly describe this subject. In order to answer the question "how do electronic interventions apply in mental health and what makes the application of any of these interventions work", this study will carry out an overview of systematic reviews, which will make it possible to develop a theoretical framework on the implementation of electronic care in mental health problems. Methods: We will search MEDLINE, EBM Reviews, PsycINFO, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINAHL Complete, and Web of Science databases from 1st January 2015 to September 2020, with no language restriction. We will follow a qualitative method approach and include systematic reviews that assess primary studies relating to adults with common mental health problems using any type of mobile mental health intervention that includes a synchronic component and communication with a mental health professional. For the analysis, we will make a meta-synthesis of the systematic reviews, using an emergent grounded theory approach to synthesize the information, prioritizing the systematic reviews with the lowest risk of bias in the AMSTAR-2 tool. The meta-synthesis will be based on interpreting, integrating, and inferring the evaluation elements to understand better the e-health implementation process for patients with mental health problems. Finally, we will present the overall assessment in a Summary of Qualitative Findings table. Conclusion: Our results will allow a better understanding of the facilitator and limitations in implementing e-health interventions for mental health problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282
Number of pages1
StatePublished - 2020


  • Internet-Based Intervention
  • Mental Disorders
  • Mental Health
  • Online Systems
  • Qualitative Research
  • Remote Consultation
  • Systematic Reviews as Topic
  • Telemedicine


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