Dental arch changes after open bite treatment with spurs associated with posterior build-ups in the mixed dentition: A randomized clinical trial

Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Silvio Augusto Bellini-Pereira, Lorena Vilanova, Felicia Miranda, Camila Massaro, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Daniela Garib, Guilherme Janson

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6 Scopus citations


Introduction: This single-center, 2-arm, parallel-group randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the dimensional dental arch changes after anterior open bite (AOB) treatment with bonded spurs associated with posterior build-ups vs bonded spurs alone. Methods: Patients aged between 7 and 11 years with AOB were recruited at a university clinic and randomly allocated into 2 groups. The experimental group was treated with bonded spurs associated with posterior build-ups (SBU) and the comparison group with bonded spurs alone (S). Digital dental models were obtained at pretreatment and after 12 months of treatment. The overbite change was the primary outcome. The randomization list was obtained at the Web site Allocation concealment involved sequentially numbered, sealed, and opaque envelopes. The outcomes’ assessment was blinded. Analysis of covariance was used for intergroup comparisons (P <0.05). Mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were obtained. Results: Twenty-four patients (mean age, 8.22 ± 1.06 years; 7 males and 17 females) were included in the SBU group, and 25 patients (mean age, 8.30 ± 0.99 years; 11 males and 14 females) were included in the comparison group. After a 12-month follow-up, the overbite increased approximately 4 mm in both groups (MD, −0.11 mm; 95% CI, −1.03 to 0.80). Means of anterior dentoalveolar vertical development ranged from 2.24 mm (S group) to 2.49 mm (SBU group) and from 1.31 mm (SBU group) to 1.55 mm (S group) for the maxilla (MD, −0.24 mm; 95% CI, −0.91 to 0.44) and mandible (MD, 0.29 mm; 95% CI, −0.39 to 0.96), respectively. The maxillary intermolar distance decreased in the SBU group and increased in the S group (MD, −0.48 mm; 95% CI, −0.92 to −0.03). The mandibular intermolar distance increased in the SBU group and decreased in the comparison group (MD, 0.26 mm; 95% CI, 0.004-0.52). Plaque accumulation around the spurs was observed in some patients. Conclusions: Both protocols demonstrated similar improvements in the AOB with similar effects on the dental arches. The SBU group showed a slight decrease in the maxillary intermolar distance and a slight increase in the mandibular intermolar distance, whereas opposite changes were observed for the S group. Registration: This trial was registered at (Identifier NCT03702881). Protocol: The study protocol was not published. Funding: This work was supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) grants nos. 2017/06440-3, 2018/05238-9, and 2018/24003-2; and financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior-Brasil (CAPES), Finance Code 001.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-723.e1
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


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