Cytokine Profile Response of Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Stimulated by Bartonella bacilliformis

Barbara Ymaña, Javier Enciso-Benavides, Gemma Moncunill, Maria J. Pons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carrion’s disease is a neglected endemic disease found in remote Andean areas. As an overlooked disease, knowledge of innate immune responses to Bartonella bacilliformis, the etiological agent, is scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the cytokine response to B. bacilliformis using in vitro human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulations. PBMCs from naive adults were isolated by gradient centrifugation and cocultured with heat-inactivated (HI) B. bacilliformis at different incubation times (3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 h). Cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors were determined in culture supernatants by multiplex fluorescent bead-based quantitative suspension array technology. During the first 36 h, a proinflammatory response was observed, including tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin (IL)-1a, IL-1b, interferon-a2, and IL-6, followed by an anti-inflammatory response mainly related to IL-1RA. Moreover, high expression levels of chemokines IL-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1a, and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1b were detected from 3 h poststimulation and MIP-1a was detected at 24 h. Some growth factors, mainly granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and in minor concentrations vascular endothelial growth factor, epidermal growth factor, and eotaxin, were also detected. Innate response to HI B. bacilliformis stimulation consists of a rapid and strong proinflammatory response characterized by a wide range of cytokines and chemokines followed by an anti-inflammatory response and increased specific growth factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-25
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Interferon and Cytokine Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • Bartonella bacilliformis
  • Carrion’s disease
  • cytokine profile


Dive into the research topics of 'Cytokine Profile Response of Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Stimulated by Bartonella bacilliformis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this