CONOCIMIENTOS, ACTITUDES, PRÁCTICAS Y PERCEPCIÓN SOBRE ZIKA EN MUJERES EN EDAD FÉRTIL DE AMAZONAS, PERÚ

Translated title of the contribution: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, PRACTICES AND PERCEPTIONS ABOUT ZIKA IN WOMEN OF CHILDBEARING AGE IN AMAZONAS, PERU

Susan Y. Mateo, Jessica C. Guzmán-Cuzcano, E. Ricardo Peña-Sánchez, Carmen Yon, Betsabet Valderrama, Julia Carrasco, Lenin La Torre, Fernando Chapilliquen, Marlith Aguilar, Eduardo Quezada, Tomas Pershing Bustamante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To describe the knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceptions about Zika in women of childbearing age (WCA) in the department of Amazonas in Peru, following a Zika outbreak. Materials and methods. Descriptive study with a mixed quantitative-qualitative approach. We carried out stratified sampling, by applying a survey to a sample of 723 WCA aged 15 to 49 years in the district of Bagua, department of Amazonas, then we carried out four focus groups with 35 WCA in each group. Frequencies and the grounded theory were used for quantitative and qualitative analysis respectively. Interpretation of both methods was integrated using a narrative approach. Re-sults. We found that 86.3% of WCA knew that it is possible to get sick with Zika, 10.1% knew that it is transmitted through sexual intercourse, 2.2% knew that it can be transmitted during pregnancy and 68.5% consider that the information is insufficient. In practice, 60% (n=434) used mosquito nets, 53.4% (n=386) covered water containers and 7.3% (n=4) perceived local government involvement. Qualitative data showed distrust of vector control and expressed the need for psychological support for pregnant women and their families. Conclusions. There are gaps in the knowledge and practices of WCA regarding the prevention of sexual and vertical transmission of Zika; WCA distrust vector control, do not perceive local government involvement, suggest psychological support should be provided to pregnant women with Zika, as well as to mothers with disabled children, and wish to access more information about Zika.

Translated title of the contributionKNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, PRACTICES AND PERCEPTIONS ABOUT ZIKA IN WOMEN OF CHILDBEARING AGE IN AMAZONAS, PERU
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)551-561
Number of pages11
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

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