Changes in alveolar bone morphology after traction of buccally vs palatally unilateral maxillary impacted canines: A cone-beam computed tomography study

Gustavo Armando Ruíz-Mora, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Yalil Augusto Rodríguez-Cárdenas, Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Mariana Boessio-Vizzotto, Heraldo Luis Dias-Da Silveira

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate the 3-dimensional changes in alveolar bone morphology after traction of buccally vs palatally unilateral maxillary impacted canines (MIC). Methods: Following a split-mouth model, 27 cone-beam computed tomography images of unilaterally MIC (14 palatally and 13 buccally) and 27 contralateral unimpacted controls were obtained before and after traction using nickel-titanium closed-coil springs and a rigid anchorage appliance. Alveolar bone height and width were measured in the axial, coronal, and sagittal slides by 3 calibrated orthodontists, taking into account the impaction characteristics. A t test was used to compare the 2 groups, and a paired t test was applied for intragroup comparisons (both sides). A multiple linear regression model was used to evaluate the influence of the predictor variables on alveolar bone dimensional changes. Results: The alveolar height showed a significantly greater decrease in palatally MIC (2.09 to 2.79 mm) than buccally MIC (0.28 to 0.57 mm) (P <0.05) for all surfaces. However, the alveolar width increased similarly in both groups up to 1.36 mm. In general, the affected side had a more significant height loss and greater increases in alveolar width than the nonaffected side. Regression analysis indicated that buccally MIC and age decreased alveolar changes, whereas female sex increased alveolar changes (P <0.05). Conclusions: MIC traction with nickel-titanium closed-coil springs and heavy anchorage induces significant 3-dimensional changes in alveolar bone characterized by alveolar bone height decreases and cervical alveolar bone width increases. The height decrease is greater in palatally than in buccally MIC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-270
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume159
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

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