Leaf mold Cladosporium fulvum (Cooke 1883), produce a tomato crop disease under greenhouse in Peru. As an alternative to control this pathogen the efficiency under in vitro conditions and greenhouse conditions of four antagonistic fungi was probed: Hansfordia pulvinata Berk y Curt 1958, Trichoderma harzianum (Rifai 1969), T, viride (Persoon 1821) and T. virens (Miller, Giddens y Foster 1963). Fungal culture and growth was performed in Agar Sabouraud for Trichoderma spp. and in Agar Juice V8 for H. pulvinata. The bioassay employed was precolonized plates proposed by Krauss. In in vitro conditions was observed that at 24°C and 72 h growing of T. harzianum was statistically different than the other three species tested, and at 28deg;C was similar to T. viride. At 120 h and 24°C growing of T. virens was different from all species evaluated. At 168 h growing of the three species of Trichoderma, were statistically similar, varying from H. pulvinata. At 28°C and at 120 h and 168 h the results were statistically similar to the three species of Trichoderma, but different to H. pulvinata. Micoparasitism is the most common-action mechanism. Finally, T, harzianum was the most efficient antagonistic fungus because reduced disease in 19.35% under greenhouse conditions.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Biocontrol of leaf mold of tomato cladosporium ful vum (Cooke 1883) employing four antagonistic fungi
|Number of pages
|Published - 2008