Basic psychological needs and GRIT in Peruvian university students

Nohemi Marcelo-Torres, Maria Pia Manyari-Masias, Raymundo Calderón-Sánchez, Veronica Tutte, Regina Brandão, Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez, Mario Reyes-Bossio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The present quantitative study of predictive design aims to determine the influence of basic psychological needs and some socio-demographic variables on GRIT, in a sample constituted by scholarship students financed by PRONABEC from a private university in Lima. Methods: The GRIT Scale and Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale were applied to 865 students, 54.7% were female, the ages fluctuated between 16 and 47 years of age, 74.5% were residents in Lima. Results: The results demonstrated that Basic Psychological Need’s satisfaction has a positive influence on GRIT. On the other hand, there is a negative relationship between the GRIT dimensions (consistency and perseverance) and BPN frustration. In addition, women and first generation students showed higher GRIT levels. Discussion: This research confirms a high degree of influence of the competence needs satisfaction dimension on the GRIT and the influence of sociodemographic variables in achieving objectives.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1282448
JournalFrontiers in Education
StatePublished - 2024


  • GRIT personality
  • Peruvian university
  • basic psychological needs (BPN)
  • high degree
  • predictive model


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