Bartonella quintana, past, present, and future of the scourge of World War I

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Abstract

During World War I, a mysterious new disease affected soldiers on both sides of battle field. The first reports described a relapsing fever of unknown origin with body lice being suggested as the vector. The outbreak affected >1 000 000 people, mostly soldiers fighting in front-line trenches. Shortly afterward, the illness was known as Trench fever, of which the causal infectious agent is currently classified as Bartonella quintana.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-837
Number of pages7
JournalAPMIS
Volume126
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Bartonella quintana
  • Endocarditis
  • Trench fever
  • body lice
  • vector-borne disease

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