Antibiotic usage prior and during hospitalization for clinical severe pneumonia in children under five years of age in Rabat, Morocco

Imane Jroundi, Rachid Benmessaoud, Chafiq Mahraoui, Cinta Moraleda, Houssain Tligui, Myriam Seffar, Badr Sououd Benjelloun, Jordi Vila, Joaquim Ruiz, Pedro L. Alonso, Quique Bassat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Scarce and limited epidemiological, clinical and microbiological data are available regarding pediatric respiratory tract infections in the Kingdom of Morocco, a middle-income country in Northwestern Africa. Data on antibiotic usage for such infections are also scarce. A good understanding of pre-admission and intra-hospital usage of antibiotics in children with respiratory infections linked with an adequate surveillance of the antibiotic susceptibility from circulating pathogens could help policy makers improve their recommendations on management of respiratory infections. We hereby present data on antibiotic usage prior and during admission and antibiotic susceptibility of major circulating respiratory pathogens in children under five years of age admitted to the Hôpital d'Enfants de Rabat, Morocco, with a diagnosis of clinical severe pneumonia (using World Health Organization (WHO) standardized case definitions) during a period of 14 months (November 2010-December 2011), as part of a larger hospital-based surveillance study designed to understand the etiology and epidemiology of severe pneumonia cases among children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)450-464
Number of pages15
JournalAntibiotics
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory infection
  • Antibiotics
  • Children
  • Morocco
  • Risk factors

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