Aeromonas spp. and traveler's diarrhea: Clinical features and antimicrobial resistance

Jordi Vila, Joaquin Ruiz, Francisco Gallardo, Martha Vargas, Lara Soler, Maria José Figueras, Joaquin Gascon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traveler's diarrhea is the most common health problem of international travelers. We determined the prevalence of Aeromonas spp. associated with traveler's diarrhea and analyzed the geographic distribution, clinical features, and antimicrobial susceptibility. Aeromonas spp. were isolated as a cause of traveler's diarrhea in 18 (2%) of 863 patients. A. veronii biotype sobria was isolated in nine patients, A. caviae in seven patients, and A. jandaei and A. hydrophila in one patient each. Aeromonas spp. were isolated with a similar prevalence in Africa, Latin America, and Asia. Watery and persistent diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps were common complaints. All strains were resistant to ampicillin; showed variable resistance to chloramphenicol, tetracycline, and cotrimoxazole; and were susceptible to cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, and nalidixic acid. The persistence of symptoms made antimicrobial treatment necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-555
Number of pages4
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2003

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