Acceptance towards COVID-19 vaccination in Latin America and the Caribbean: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Esteban A. Alarcón-Braga, Enrique A. Hernandez-Bustamante, Farley E. Salazar-Valdivia, Valeria A. Valdez-Cornejo, Melany D. Mosquera-Rojas, Juan R. Ulloque-Badaracco, Jenny C. Rondon-Saldaña, Jessica H. Zafra-Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Vaccination represents an important strategy to mitigate COVID-19 related morbidity and mortality by protecting against severe forms of the disease and reducing hospitalization and death rates. In this sense, the objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of Vaccination Intention (VI) against COVID-19 in Latin America and Caribbean (LAC). Methods: We conducted a systematic review with a comprehensive search strategy for the following databases: PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science. A random-effect model meta-analysis was carried out using observational studies assessing the intention to vaccines against COVID-19 in LAC countries. The Clopper-Pearson method was used to estimate 95% Confidence Intervals. The quality assessment was developed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale adapted for cross-sectional studies. A subgroup analysis by study location and a sensitivity analysis were developed. Results: Nineteen cross-sectional studies were included. Five meta-analyzes were performed according to the target population of the included studies. The VI in the general population of LAC was 78.0% (95%CI: 74.0%–82.0%). The VI for non-pregnant women was 78.0% (95%CI: 58.0%–99.0%), for elderly population was 63.0% (95%CI: 59.0%–69.0%), for pregnant women was 69.0% (95%CI: 61.0%–76.0%) and for health-personnel was 83.0% (95% CI: 71.0%–96.0%). The sensitivity analysis for general population meta-analysis that included only low risk of bias studies showed a 77.0% VI (95%CI: 73.0%–82.0%) and for non-pregnant women, 85.0% VI (95%CI: 79.0%–90.0%). Conclusion: Despite the high prevalence of VI in general population found in our study, VI prevalence from elderly people and pregnant women are lower than other population groups and overall population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102369
JournalTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Volume49
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Public health
  • Vaccination intention

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