A new moderately thermophilic and high sulfide tolerant biotype of Marichromatium gracile, isolated from tidal sediments of the German Wadden Sea: Marichromatium gracile biotype thermosulfidiphilum

Wilbert Serrano, Rudolf Amann, Ulrich Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

A purple sulfur bacterium, strain SW26, was isolated in pure culture from intertidal sediments from the Sylt-Rømø Basin, German Wadden Sea, sharing many properties with validated Marichromatium species, but differing significantly by possessing a plasmid, by tolerating up to 16 mM sulfide, and up to 44 °C for growth. Strain SW26 has a DNA base composition of 68.3 mol% G+C, a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of >99% to those of Marichromatium species, and shows the highest level of genomic relationship with Marichromatium gracile, despite its remarkably different phenotypic characters. Based upon high genomic similarity but different physiological properties of strain SW26 with respect to the type strain of M. gracile, a novel biotype, designated as M. gracile biotype thermosulfidiphilum is described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalSystematic and Applied Microbiology
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

Keywords

  • Chromatiaceae
  • Marichromatium gracile biotype
  • Sulfide tolerance

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